Health

What is migraine and how is it different from a headache

Try not to excuse each cerebral headache as it tends to be a migraine all things considered! A specialist enlightens you really concerning the distinction, and how you can deal with treat it. Headache is something beyond ‘a migraine.’ While a cerebral pain causes gentle to extreme agony in one’s mind, face or neck, headache is a neurological condition related with intermittent, incapacitating migraines that cause a serious pulsating torment. Patients normally portray this as either a ‘beating’ or ‘throbbing sensation or an extreme dull, consistent hurt, generally on only one side of the head. This is for the most part joined by side effects of sickness or retching, and outrageous affectability to light (photophobia) and sound (phonophobia).

Headache influences generally 15% of the grown-up populace in Delhi NCR. Additionally, normal headache and strain cerebral pains likewise influence ladies more essentially than men – with the male-to-female headache commonness proportion as 1:5. However, the condition remains ineffectively comprehended. People regularly disregard the migraines and carry on peacefully, or take on home cures or momentary relief from discomfort arrangements, without resolving the bigger issue within reach.

migraine
Take headache seriously. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
Triggers of migraine

Although there is no definite cause for migraines, there are risk factors and triggers that may contribute to the condition. These include:

  • Environmental stimuli such as bright lights, severe heat, unusual smells, and loud sounds, excessive stress, skipping of meals, changes to sleep patterns, hormonal fluctuations.
  • Dietary triggers include alcohol and caffeine, cheese, fermented foods, meats with strong smells, and foods with additives such as MSG or certain artificial sugars.

Avoiding known triggers can be a vital step to manage migraines.

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Seek proper medical treatment for migraine. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Effects of migraine

For individuals living with migraine, especially untreated conditions, it can impact every aspect of life, posing difficulties in pursuing daily activities. It can affect an individual’s personal, social and professional lives during their prime productive years. Lasting from roughly 4 hours to as long as 72 hours or even a week, migraine can create difficulties at work – such as with concentrating, leading to poor work performance and productivity or even loss of working days. There is also an associated stigma among people who do not understand the severity of the disease (labeling it as just a headache’), which can make patients feel misunderstood, distressed and helpless. This is especially true for those experiencing a relatively high frequency of migraine attacks, with unmet treatment needs, which must be addressed in a timely manner.

migraine
Stress could trigger migraine. Image courtesy: Shutterstock
Be aware

Raising awareness about migraines is essential – so individuals can understand its signs and symptoms, seek diagnosis and benefit from holistic treatment plans such preventive therapies, guided by a neurologist. As healthcare practitioners, it is also important to lookout for red flags, which is singularly one of the most important part of timely migraine diagnosis.

Looking ahead, early detection and diagnosis of migraine and effective management of the condition, including making key lifestyle and dietary modifications while adhering to treatment, can be key enablers of a smoother patient journey. This can help patients live with an improved quality of personal and professional lives.

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