Travel is the movement of people between distant geographical locations. Travel can be done by foot, bicycle, automobile, train, boat, bus, airplane, ship or other means, with or without luggage, and can be one way or round trip. Travel can also include relatively short stays between successive movements, as in the case of tourism.
The origin of the word “travel” is most likely lost to history. The term “travel” may originate from the Old French word travail, which means ‘work’. According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, the first known use of the word travel was in the 14th century. It also states that the word comes from Middle English travailen, travelen (which means to torment, labor, strive, journey) and earlier from Old French travailler (which means to work strenuously, toil).
In English, people still occasionally use the words travail, which means struggle. According to Simon Winchester in his book The Best Travelers’ Tales (2004), the words travel and travail both share an even more ancient root: a Roman instrument of torture called the tripalium (in Latin it means “three stakes”, as in to impale). This link may reflect the extreme difficulty of travel in ancient times. Travel in modern times may or may not be much easier depending upon the destination. Travel to Mount Everest, the Amazon rainforest, extreme tourism, and adventure travel are more difficult forms of travel. Travel can also be more difficult depending on the method of travel, such as by bus, cruise ship, or even by bullock cart.
· Key German plotter was British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) spy who met regularly with his handlers throughout planning of the infamous attempt
· Otto John was dispatched to meet with MI6 under instructions of key Valkyrie leader, Colonel Georg Hansen
· Exclusive discoveries were made during the course of legal battle to return Nazi-confiscated property
LONDON, Nov. 22, 2021 /PRNewswire/ — New evidence has come to light which points for the first time to British involvement in “Operation Valkyrie” – the infamous failed 20 July 1944 plot to kill Hitler. Up until now history books presumed that the operation was exclusively the work of the German resistance.
Intelligence author Nigel West made the discovery while researching a new history of the “Abwehr”, the German wartime intelligence agency. At the heart of the conspiracy was the grandfather of Prince Frederick Solms-Baruth V, who is fighting the German government for the return of his family’s property. It acted as a base for the resistance and was confiscated as punishment by the Nazis after the plot failed.
Now the discovery of a British agent recruited by MI6 two years before the attempt and embedded close to the top of the resistance, shows that MI6 was fully aware, complicit – if not actively involved – in the assassination attempt.
MI6’s asset, Dr Otto John, was perfectly placed to act as a spy. Undercover as a Lufthansa lawyer, he travelled frequently to neutral Spain and Portugal at the behest of Colonel Georg Hansen (who would rise to be appointed head of the Abwehr) to hold extensive meetings with the British regarding the liquidation of Adolf Hitler, without arousing suspicion.
HOW THE DISCOVERY WAS MADE
This information was never connected until West made the discovery. His previous work had already established that MI6 agents Winsor has been in contact with John, but until now nobody had realised the significance of their meetings and the role John played for Colonel Hansen. Further confirmation came from MI5 Oxford-academic and ex-MI5 analyst Herbert Hart (later Professor jurisprudence at Oxford University), who minuted in John’s recently declassified MI5 file that he had indeed been working for the British since 1942.
WHAT IT MEANS
This casts a new light on the famous plot, which was previously attributed as exclusively the work of German resistance. As a spy, John’s role was to act as an intermediary between Georg Hansen, and MI6. Until West’s research, to be published in his forthcoming book, this connection was unclear.
WITHHELD SECRET INTELLIGENCE SERVICE RECORDS STILL NOT PUBLIC – THE MISSING LINK
MI6 holds a sealed file on Otto John, which it will not declassify on the grounds that the Service has no legal requirement to do so, and has a duty to protect the identity of all agents, even those long-dead. Dr John died in March 1997.
THE REASON FOR THE DISCOVERY
Solms-Baruth has carried on his father’s fight to have the family estate, currently still in possession of the Federal Republic, returned. It was confiscated by Nazis for the central role his grandfather Prince Frederick III played in the July 20th coup. His grandfather acted both as advisor to the new, post-assassination constitution, based on the British model, and provided his castle as the HQ for plot preparations.
It was Prince Frederick Solms-Baruth V’s team’s extensive research that led Nigel West to substantiate that the castle of Baruth had become the headquarters for the resistance, housing the Abwehr conspirators who supplied the British explosives and time-fuses for the bomb, and then to discover the link to British Intelligence via Otto John.
“This is unprecedented. The object of this research was to categorically confirm my grandfather’s house as the resistance Headquarters. I never dreamt it would also reveal British involvement in trying to bring down one of the most evil men in history.”
Prince Frederick Solms Baruth V
December 9th sees a further legal hearing on the 32-years long Solms-Baruth restitution case in the German courts and includes this new evidence.
Prince Frederick Solms Baruth V is available for interview
Further information including MI5 file extracts, photographs of spy Otto John, Resistance leader Georg Hansen, Prince Frederick Solms-Baruth III, the site of the resistance, the aftermath of Operation Valkyrie and Prince Frederick V are all available.
ABOUT PRINCE FREDERICK SOLMS-BARUTH V:
More can be read here: https://www.solms-baruth.com/about-pince-frederick-solms-baruth-v
ABOUT NIGEL WEST
More can be read here: http://nigelwest.com/abouttheauthor.htm
His book Hitler’s Nest of Vipers will be published by Frontline Books in 2022.
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