Skin break out, in whatever structure it comes, regardless of whether extreme or gentle, is and will consistently be a wellspring of distress for some individuals with skin inflammation inclined skin. Not many are honored with acceptable skin—searching to track down the most appropriate skin break out treatment resembles something of a wonder sacred goal among those with skin break out inclined skin, very like a Dan Brown journey. To treat skin inflammation inclined skin, how about we comprehend the issue and get to its foundations.
Acne-Prone Skin: FAQs
Q. If you have active acne, should you stop wearing makeup altogether?
A. While it might seem ideal, you don’t necessarily need to shy away from putting on makeup altogether. Instead, you need to be smart about it. Avoid liquid-based and cream-based formulas as they have the tendency to settle in your pores and even promote bacterial growth. Go, rather, for gel-based or powder-based makeup products for your face that suit your skin type. Mineral-based makeup is also quite safe, as it is oil-free.
In terms of application, use a light hand to apply sheer foundation on your face, and keep it to a single layer. Layering on the foundation heavily is known to aggravate acne, and you risk making your skin look even more blotchy. Instead of depending on your foundation to conceal scars, leave that job to colour correctors.
Q. When should I consult a dermatologist?
A. If your skin has a mind of its own and is not responding to oral medication or over-the-counter topical applications in spite of using them for four to 12 weeks, you might want to consider visiting a dermatologist at the earliest especially if you have severe acne. This condition would require aggressive treatment to prevent scarring.
Q. Can acne be contagious?
A. Contrary to popular belief, acne is not contagious.
What Causes Acne?
Acne breakouts happen for many reasons, here are some to name a few:
- They can form from the accumulation of debris, dirt, dead skin, and natural oils, which leads to bacteria that cause breakouts to linger on your skin and clog pores.
- They can be especially common due to the use of face masks that are worn to shield us from the coronavirus. The direct friction that happens when you wear a mask can disrupt the outer skin layer of your face, leading to inflammation, loss of hydration, and irritation. They also tend to trap oil, humidity, and sweat on the skin, leading to acne or rosacea flares.
- Hormones are another reason for acne-prone skin, especially common in teens and adolescents as their body starts producing testosterone that directly causes the sebaceous glands to overdeliver.
- Diet, medications, using wrong skincare or makeup products, and other lifestyle choices are also facts that cause acne-prone skin.
Pro Tip: Stress, any underlying diseases, not having a skincare routine in place, and other factors also have a huge impact on causing acne, which is why you must try to lead a healthy, stress-free life while taking care of your skin or, at the very least, remember to wash your face once every few hours.
Types of Acne
The simplest way to understand acne is to break it into two parts—inflammatory and noninflammatory.
- Inflammatory acne is anything that has a red or more robust appearance. This could take many forms from severe cysts (a severe form of acne that develops deep under the skin) and nodules (abnormal tissue growths below the skin) to pustules (red bumps that contain fluids or pus) and papules (red bumps without yellow or white pus).
- Noninflammatory acne refers to clogged pores that look like whiteheads (small, skin-coloured bumps) and blackheads (these have a dark appearance and are flat against the skin.)
Pro Tip: To know which type of acne you suffer from, study your skin and research its condition. Before testing the remedy, however, it is better to consult a doctor to confirm which type of acne you suffer from. The internet can be misleading.
A skincare routine that is best suited for your skin type can really help; the ones that are not right might cause even more problems. Here are things you should consider when you are dealing with acne-prone skin:
Ingredients to look for
- Salicylic acid works to reduce inflammation and unclog pores. It helps with pustules, making them disappear faster, but it is ideal for whiteheads and blackheads.
- Benzoyl peroxide is good for inflammatory acne, as it kills acne-causing bacteria.
- By exfoliating the skin’s surface, retinoids remove the dead skin cells that can clog the pores. They also stop inflammation and are fundamental to every regimen for acne-prone skin.
- The cleanser cleans the skin in the morning and can be a good component of an acne regimen.
- Toner gets rid of excess oil that might otherwise aid breakouts.
- Moisturiser will keep the skin hydrated, whether dry or oily.
- Sunscreen is helpful since some acne treatment products can increase your skin’s sensitivity to sunlight.
- Makeup, although not required, can quickly cover pimples and residual redness.
- Makeup remover helps keep pores unclogged.
- Cleanser can get rid of grime that accumulates on the surface of the skin.
- Spot treatment after cleansing can allow the ingredients to work their way deeper into the skin. It also treats existing pimples by targeting scarring and stopping new breakouts.
- Use an exfoliant once or twice a week to remove dead skin cells that could block pores and lead to breakouts.
- Choosing a well-formulated face mask to help combat impurities and oiliness. It hydrates dry skin and reduces redness. Use up to thrice a week for best results.
Pro Tip: Lightweight products are better for your pores; look for those when you invest in skincare products.
The Easiest Way To Work Out Your Skin Type
Begin by washing your face with mild baby soap and gently pat it dry. Refrain from applying any skincare products. Give it a couple of hours and then examine your skin. If your skin appears to be shiny, you have oily skin. If it appears to be red, rough, or flaky, you have dry skin. If it appears dry on the cheeks and shiny on the forehead, nose, and chin ( the T-zone,) you have combination skin. “Normal” skin would have a healthy glow with no visible issues.
Dermatologist Dr. Viseslav Tonkovic-Capin says, “The vast majority of people have had acne once in their lifetime.”
General Remedies, Tips and Tricks to Treat Acne
While skincare products are a huge help, just using those might not be completely effective. You would have to incorporate some cleansing and lifestyle changes. Here are a couple of things to try:
- Washing twice a day keeps acne away. Wash your face before you go to bed and after you wake up, or more than that if you are sweating as it can irritate your skin.
- Be gentle; it’s not a dish you are washing. Acne-prone skin isn’t just a dirt problem, so using hard exfoliants or scrubbing harder doesn’t really help; rather, they might cause irritation and redness.
- Keep your hands off… resist the temptation to pick at your acne-prone skin or pop pimples. It might lead to scarring and can transfer bacteria into the other pores of your skin, turning the bump into deep inflamed acne.
- Couldn’t resist? Extract by lightly pressing a warm compress to the pores that are open, and use clean Q-tips by gently pushing down on either side of the whitehead or blackhead.
- Flood everything that comes in contact with your skin. By flooding, we mean washing everything that might harbor debris and lead to clogging of your pores, such as bedding (twice or thrice a week), phone screens (twice a day), and makeup tools (at least once a week if not every day.)
- Despite their name, noncomedogenic products are no laughing matter. They are also known as oil-free or non-acnegenic and can help your acne-prone skin. Also, avoid ingredients like fragrance and alcohol.
- Hair products can be your backstabbing friend. They can cause breakouts on your forehead and neck. Products with oil content can transfer onto your skin, so keep away from them.
- Water, water everywhere, drink as much you can. Hydrating can help in combating excess oil.
- Beware of supplement and diet claims, especially online. Get a specialist’s advice before getting on any dietary plans.
Pro Tip: Avoid extraction if you have a case of deeper acne-like pustules, as it might cause even more damage.