COVID-19

COVID-19: disease, symptoms variants , Prevention and treatment

On the off chance that COVID-19 is spreading locally, stay protected by playing it safe, for example, physical removing, wearing a cover, keeping rooms very much ventilated, staying away from swarms, cleaning your hands, and hacking into a bowed elbow or tissue. Check nearby exhortation where you reside and work. Do everything! You additionally discover more about WHO’s suggestions for getting immunized on our public guidance page on COVID-19 antibodies.

COVID-19 disease

  1. Coronavirus is an irresistible sickness.
  2. The sickness is brought about by a Covid not found in individuals previously.
  3. As specialists and researchers keep on get-together new data, it is imperative to treat COVID-19 appropriately. We don’t yet know the entirety of the adverse consequences it might have.
  4. It is critical to continue to work to moderate the spread of the infection by remaining at home when you can, remaining 6 feet from others, wearing a veil, covering your hacks and wheezes, and washing your hands frequently and well.
  5. For more data on indications, see CDC: Symptoms of Coronavirus.

Symptoms Of Coronavirus

  1. Side effects of COVID-19 can incorporate fever, hack, windedness, chills, migraine, muscle torment, sore throat, weakness, blockage, or loss of taste or smell. Other more uncommon manifestations incorporate gastrointestinal indications like sickness, regurgitating, or the runs.
  2. These side effects may seem 2-14 days after you are presented to the infection that causes COVID-19.
  3. Not every person with COVID-19 has these manifestations, and a few group might not have any indications.
  4. Even in the wake of recuperating from COVID-19, a few group may have waiting side effects like weariness, hack, or joint agony. The drawn out wellbeing impacts are at this point unclear yet there might be perpetual harm to the heart, lungs, or different organs. This is almost certain in the individuals who had more extreme disease however may likewise be conceivable even in the individuals who had gentle ailment.
  5. Converse with your medical services supplier on the off chance that you have questions or worries about indications.

How it spreads

  1. People can spread the COVID-19 disease to each other.
  2. The disease spreads by droplets or aerosols (tiny particles) from the nose and mouth when someone who is infected coughs, sneezes, or exhales.
  3. The most common way COVID-19 spreads is through close contact. When people are close to each other, the droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people nearby. It may be possible for people to breathe the droplets into their lungs. It is important to stay at least 6 feet away from other people in public. At home, someone who is sick should stay alone and in one room as much as possible.
  4. COVID-19 can also sometimes spread through airborne transmission. This means that aerosols (small droplets or particles) can sometimes linger in the air for minutes to hours, and may be able to infect people who are further than 6 feet from the person with COVID-19 or after they have left the room.
    1. Airborne transmission of COVID-19 is more likely to happen in indoor spaces without good ventilation, or when the infected person was breathing heavily, like when singing or exercising.
  5. It is possible that COVID-19 can spread when droplets land on surfaces and objects that other people then touch, though this is not thought to be a common way that it spreads. It is important to wash your hands before you touch your mouth, nose, face, or eyes. Clean surfaces that are touched often, especially if someone in the house is sick.
  6. Infected people may be able to spread the disease before they have symptoms or feel sick.
  7. A person can also spread the disease if they have no symptoms. Research has shown that around 40-50% of people infected do not develop symptoms.

COVID-19 variants

  1. Variations are basic with an infection like COVID-19. Infections continually change through transformation, and new variations of an infection are required to happen over the long run.
  2. Numerous COVID-19 variations are flowing internationally, and in the United States. A few of these variations have been recognized and are spreading in Minnesota.
  3. MDH and our accomplices are effectively trying new certain test tests to keep on identifying variations and find out additional.
  4. These variations are concerning on the grounds that they are more infectious. Early information shows that the B.1.1.7 variation spreads all the more effectively and can be just about as much as half more infectious than the first infection. At present, the B.1.1.7 variation is the most widely recognized in Minnesota.
  5. There is likewise concern a few variations might be related with more extreme infection and a higher passing rate contrasted with different variations. More examination is expected to affirm these discoveries and how might affect immunization endeavors.
  6. Keep on finding a way ways to forestall the spread of COVID-19. It is essential to get inoculated, wear a veil, stay 6 feet from others, keep away from social affairs, wash your hands regularly, and remain at home in the event that you feel wiped out or have been in close contact with somebody who has COVID-19.
  7. Variations creating all throughout the planet can spread to new places when individuals travel. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggests postponing travel until you are completely inoculated. Visit CDC: International Travel During COVID-19.
  8. Since variations can spread all the more effectively, it is essential to get tried when suggested. Visit COVID-19 Testing.

Severity

  1. Many people with COVID-19 have mild illness. However, anyone can become severely ill from this virus.
  2. Risk for severe illness increases with age. For example, people in their 50s are at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 40s. Similarly, people in their 60s or 70s are, in general, at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 50s. The greatest risk for severe illness from COVID-19 is among people 85 or older.
  3. People of any age who have underlying medical conditions may have a greater risk of getting very sick from COVID-19.
  4. See CDC: People at Increased Risk for guidance on which underlying medical conditions put people at an increased risk or who should be extra careful.
  5. Ask your health care provider if you have greater risk of getting sicker from COVID-19.

Physical health effects

  1. The virus that causes COVID-19 can affect people in different ways. Some can get very sick, while most have mild or moderate symptoms and get better without going to a clinic or into a hospital. Some have no symptoms. Some people die.
  2. Some people are in the hospital for weeks. Some may need to be put on a ventilator in order to breathe and survive. Some may need to be put on a heart-lung bypass machine. The virus that causes COVID-19 has been linked to increased:
    1. Blood clotting
    2. Strokes
    3. Heart damage
    4. Other organ damage
  3. The long-term health effects are still unknown but there may be permanent damage to the heart, lungs, or other organs. This is more likely in those who had more severe illness but may also be possible even in those who had mild illness.
  4. New evidence shows that COVID-19 can also lead to health problems in children. More research is needed to better understand how the virus may cause short and long-term illness

Other health effects

  1. COVID-19 disease can cause more than physical health problems. COVID-19 is a continuing threat to the personal, financial, and mental well-being of Minnesotans. This stress can lead to health problems. COVID-19 can cause stress when people:
    1. Must be in the hospital.
    2. Lose their jobs or cannot go to work.
    3. Do not have money to pay bills.
    4. Are separated from family and friends.

Prevention and treatment From COVID-19

Don’t forget the basics of good hygiene

  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. This eliminates germs including viruses that may be on your hands.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and infect you.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately into a closed bin and wash your hands. By following good ‘respiratory hygiene’, you protect the people around you from viruses, which cause colds, flu and COVID-19.
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces frequently especially those which are regularly touched, such as door handles, faucets and phone screens.

What to do to keep yourself and others safe from COVID-19

  • Maintain at least a 1-metre distance between yourself and others to reduce your risk of infection when they cough, sneeze or speak. Maintain an even greater distance between yourself and others when indoors. The further away, the better.
  • Make wearing a mask a normal part of being around other people. The appropriate use, storage and cleaning or disposal are essential to make masks as effective as possible.

Here are the basics of how to wear a mask:

  • Clean your hands before you put your mask on, as well as before and after you take it off, and after you touch it at any time.
  • Make sure it covers both your nose, mouth and chin.
  • When you take off a mask, store it in a clean plastic bag, and every day either wash it if it’s a fabric mask, or dispose of a medical mask in a trash bin.
  • Don’t use masks with valves.
  • For specifics on what type of mask to wear and when, read our Q&A and watch our  videos. There is also a Q&A focused on masks and children.
  • Find out more about the science of how COVID-19 infects people and our bodies react by watching or reading this interview.
  • For specific advice for decision makers, see WHO’s technical guidance.

How to make your environment safer

  • Avoid the 3Cs: spaces that are closed, crowded or involve close contact.
    • Outbreaks have been reported in restaurants, choir practices, fitness classes, nightclubs, offices and places of worship where people have gathered, often in crowded indoor settings where they talk loudly, shout, breathe heavily or sing.
    • The risks of getting COVID-19 are higher in crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces where infected people spend long periods of time together in close proximity. These environments are where the virus appears to spread by respiratory droplets or aerosols more efficiently, so taking precautions is even more important.
  • Meet people outside. Outdoor gatherings are safer than indoor ones, particularly if indoor spaces are small and without outdoor air coming in.
    • For more information on how to hold events like family gatherings, children’s football games and family occasions, read our Q&A on small public gatherings.
  • Avoid crowded or indoor settings but if you can’t, then take precautions:
    • Open a window. Increase the amount of ‘natural ventilation’ when indoors.
    • WHO has published Q&As on ventilation and air conditioning for both the general public and people who manage public spaces and buildings.
    • Wear a mask (see above for more details).

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